Steps Toward Weaponizing the Android Platform

Monday, May 13, 2013

Kyle Young

4ed54e31491e9fa2405e4714670ae31f

The mobile and tablet market have been flooded by millions upon millions of Android based devices. I wonder if Ken Thompson or Dennis Ritchie would have ever imagined that their invention from nearly 44 years ago would have influenced the likes of the Linux kernel,  Google, Apple, and beyond. We are now in a sea of Unix-like devices that now can easily fit in individuals pockets, which have multiple core processing power and can easily access SCADA systems with a few keystrokes.  It has never been a better time for pocket sized penetration testing devices.

In this article I will be covering ways that one can turn their Android based device into a powerful pocket sized penetration testing tool. If you're looking to do wireless sniffing or packet injection with your Android based device, this article will be of little help. (If interested please see thisthisthisthis, and this.) To do so, one needs a specific Android device that supports OTG, with a custom ROM, and you'll most likely need an external USB wireless adapter. (Honestly, if you're looking for a device for cracking WEP keys without any external USB wireless adapters, then I highly still recommend the Nokia N900.)

(NOTE: If you're strictly looking to do wireless sniffing,  there is AndroidPCAP which I have tested with my Nexus 7 and a RTL8187 based wireless USB adapter.)

Firstly, before progressing on towards the weaponizing of your Android device, please take the time to back up any vital information. Have a look at this.  Reason being, is that you'll need to root your Android based device. Depending on your device and the method of rooting, rooting your device and unlocking the bootloader can wipe your device.

Setting up Kali Linux ARM Chroot on your rooted Android based device that has about 6GB of free space

1.) Install BusyBox
2.) Install Terminal Emulator
3.) I created a Kali Linux ARM IMG that one can easily mount and it can be downloaded here:
http://goo.gl/qmGle
https://archive.org/details/Kali.nogui.armel.zitstif.chroot.482013

kali.nogui.armel.zitstif.chroot.482013.7z

md5: d60c5a52bcea35834daecb860bd8a5c7
sha1: f62c2633d214de9edad1842c9209f443bcea385d

kali.img

MD5: be61799f8eb2d98ff8874daaf572a1d5
SHA-1: f9c6a820349530350bbb902d17ae6b4a5173937c

NOTE: This image gives you about 2GB of free space in the environment to play with so use with care.

4.) Extract the 7z file and make sure that there's a folder in this following location: /sdcard/kali
5.) In this folder you should have shell script named 'kali' and the 'kali.img' image file.
6.) To mount the kali.img file as root do this: sh /sdcard/kali/kali

Optional: If you want Terminal Emulator to open up and go directly to the chroot environment do as follows:
1.) Open up Terminal Emulator
2.) Go to preferences
3.) Tap on Initial Command
4.) Enter this: su -c "cd /sdcard/kali && sh kali"

Now if you tap on Terminal Emulator, you'll go directly to your Kali chroot environment. If you want to leave the environment and back to the Android command line, simply type exit.

Optional: If you want to access files from /sdcard/ from your Kali chroot envrionment, one way is to have an Openssh server on your Android device that listens on all interfaces. Then under your chroot envrionment do: mkdir /media/sdcard/ and then connect to your ssh server on your loopback interface to store the ssh key. Then you could use a script like this in your chroot environment (or even edit your .bashrc file to run it automatically):

http://zitstif.no-ip.org/mountsdcard.py #You'll need to edit the username and password appropriately for your situation.

I should warn you that this Kali image is not setup with the idea of using a window manager or really any GUI tools. In my humble opinion to take advantage of Kali Linux, you don't need a GUI. Using the terminal to access tools like nmap, netcat, w3af_console,sqlmap, xsser, and metasploit will be sufficient to get one started on their penetration test.

Once you're in the Kali Linux chroot environment, please do the following:

apt-get update && apt-get upgrade && msfupdate

In addition to setting up the Kali Linux chroot environment, here are a list of other tools and a quick description of each that I recommend you to install:

2X Client - Remote desktop client
AndFTP - ftp/sftp client
androidVNC - vnc viewer client
AndSMB - Android Samba client
AnyTAG NFC Launcher - Automate your phone by scanning NFC tags
CardTest -  Test your NFC enabled credit cards
Checksum -  basically a GUI tool for md5sum and shasum tools
DNS Lookup - perform DNS and WHOIS lookups
Dolphin Browser - a browser that easily allows you to change your UserAgent
DroidSQLi - automated MySQL injection tool
dSploit - Android Network Penetration Suite
Electronic Pickpocket -  wirelessly read NFC enabled cards
Fast notepad - simple but useful notepad application
Find My Router's Password - title explains it all (mostly for default passwords)
Fing - very similar to Look@LAN tool for Windows
Goomanager -  see link for more information
Hacker's Keyboard -  Miss the easily accessible CTRL key? This app is for you
HashPass - translate text into hashes
Hex Editor -  a very usable hex editor for Android
inSSIDer - wireless network scanner
intercepter-NG - multi-function network tool, sniffer, cookie intercepter, arp poisoner
Network Signal Info - basically a graphical tool for iwconfig
NFC Reader - used for reading various NFC technologies including some keycards
NFC ReTAG - Re-use/recycle write protected NFC Tags such as hotel key-cards, access badges, etc
NFC TagInfo -another NFC reader
OpenVPN Connect - open vpn client
Orbot - tor on Android
Packet Injection - poorman's GUI version of scapy
ProxyDroid - use your socks5 proxy with this application
Root Browser - great file manager for Android
Routerpwn - test how secure your router is
SandroProxy - kind of like Webscarab
Secret Letter - a  poorman's stegonagraphy tool
SSHDroid - openssh server for android
Supersu - manage what programs access root functions
Teamviewer - remotely control Windows, OSX, and Linux based systems
Terminal Emulator - no explanation needed
tPacketCapture - packet sniffer that doesn't require root
VirusTotal Uploader - test your malicious payloads
Voodoo OTA RootKeeper - maintain root access even after updates
Wifi File Transfer - access files on your phone from a web browser via an http server
WifiFinder - simple wireless scanner
WiGLE Wifi wardriving - wardriving/warwalking application

Of course this is probably not complete, but I believe this is a very good suite of tools to get one started. If you can think of any more tools or if you have any suggestions, please feel free to leave a comment below.

Cross-posted from zitstif.no-ip.org

http://zitstif.no-ip.org/?p=811

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Post Rating I Like this!
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Rift 999 Thank you for all your help. I set up the chroot environment on my Nexus 7 (2013). Do you know if there are any drivers that will allow monitor mode on this device?
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Kyle Young Have a look at this:

http://www.securitytube.net/video/7471

(You'll need a USB adapter to achieve monitor mode).
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Default-avatar
Radu Cristian Hey man, please help, i'm trying to install RALINK drivers for my Tenda adapter (wifi) and i need to install linux-headers. I'm using this command:sudo apt-get install linux-headers-$(uname -r) and i get this error: unable to locate package linux-headers-3.4.0-g2b619a5. And i need the headers in order to compile the wifi adapter drivers. I would greatly apreciate your help. Thanks !
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4ed54e31491e9fa2405e4714670ae31f
Kyle Young Radu, you may have to add a repository to your /etc/apt/sources.list . However, I would recommend looking into:

https://www.google.com/#q=pwn+pad+community+edition
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