Representatives Joe Barton and Ed Markey, Co-Chairmen of the House Bi-Partisan Privacy Caucus, are calling for an FTC investigation into the increasing use of so-called "supercookies".
Supercookies, also known as "zombiecookies" for their ability to regenerate even after a user has attempted to delete them from their system, are used to track user browsing histories and are considered to be a serious threat to privacy.
“I think supercookies should be outlawed because their existence eats away at consumer choice and privacy. How can you protect yourself from unwanted online tracking or your browsing history when you don’t even know your information is at risk?" said Rep. Barton.
The code will regenerate the tracking cookie if it can not be located in the system's cookie folder, which many users delete regularly to preserve their browsing privacy.
“The constant abuse of online activity must stop. I am confident the FTC will fulfill their goal to protect Americans from ‘unfair and deceptive acts or practices’ by reviewing our request to take a closer look at supercookies,” Rep Barton stated.
In a letter sent this week, Barton and Markey informed the FTC:
“We are interested in any actions the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) has taken or plans to take to investigate the usage and impact of supercookies on the Internet and consumers. We believe that an investigation of the usage of supercookies would fall within the FTC’s mandate as stipulated in Section 5 of the Federal Trade Commission Act with respect to protecting Americans from ‘unfair and deceptive acts or practices.’”
Last month, Microsoft voluntarily removed supercookie mechanisms from multiple websites immediately after being called out by a Stanford University computer science graduate student who discovered that the company was actively tracking the browsing habits of visitors.
The code was copyrighted in 2007, but it is unclear how long Microsoft had been using the supercookies for tracking or what the data that was collected was begin used for.
“I am very disturbed by news that supercookies are being used to collect vast amounts of information about consumers’ online activities without their knowledge. Companies should not be behaving like supercookie monsters, gobbling up personal, sensitive information without users’ knowledge. Consumers, not corporations should have the choice about if, how or when their personal information is used. I will continue to closely follow this issue and look forward to the FTC's response,” said Rep. Markey.